ScienceDirect - Journal of Research in Personality : The role of “dark personalities” (narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy), Big Five personality factors, and ideology in explaining prejudice
Available online 20 February 2009.
The so-called Dark Triad (narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy) represent correlated subclinical personality traits capturing “dark personalities”. How might darker personalities contribute to prejudice? In the present study (n = 197), these dark personality variables correlated positively with outgroup threat perceptions and anti-immigrant prejudice. A proposed two-stage structural equation model, assuming indirect personality effects (Dark Personality, Big Five) on prejudice through ideology and group threat perceptions, fit the data well. Specifically, a latent Dark Personality factor predicted social dominance orientation, whereas (low) Openness to Experience predicted right-wing authoritarianism; these ideological variables each predicted prejudice directly and indirectly through heightened intergroup threat. The authors recommend that personality models of prejudice incorporate both normal-range and subclinical personality predictors, in addition to ideological and social psychological mediators.
Keywords: Dark Triad; Big Five; Authoritarianism; Social dominance orientation; Prejudice; Group threat
- 2.2.1. Self-report psychopathy-III (SRP-III; Paulhus, Hemphill, & Hare, in press)
- 2.2.2. Narcissistic personality inventory (NPI; Raskin & Terry, 1988)
- 2.2.3. Machiavellianism-IV (MACH-IV; Christie & Geis, 1970)
- 2.2.4. Big Five inventory (BFI; John, Donahue, & Kentle, 1991)
- 2.2.5. Self-esteem (Rosenberg, 1965)
- 2.2.6. Social dominance orientation (SDO; Pratto et al., 1994)
- 2.2.7. Right-wing authoritarianism (RWA; Altemeyer, 1996)
- 2.2.8. Conservatism (Skikta, Mullen, Griffin, Hutchinson, & Chamberlin, 2002)
- 2.2.9. Intergroup threat (Avery, Bird, Johnstone, Sullivan, & Thalhammar, 1992)
- 2.2.10. Modern racism scale (MRS; McConahay, Hardee, & Batts, 1981)
2.3. Procedure 3. Results
- 3.1. Relations among dark personality variables
- 3.2. Predictors of prejudice and prejudice-correlates
- 3.3. Regressions comparing personality contributions to prejudice
- 3.4. Model testing effects of dark personalities and openness on attitudes
4. Discussion Acknowledgements References
Fig. 1. Structural equation model testing proposed model of the indirect effects of personality on prejudice; x2(115) = 236.65, p < .001, x2/df = 1.527, CFI = .966, RMSEA = .052, SRMR = .056. Only significant standardized paths are shown. SDO = social dominance orientation; RWA = right-wing authoritarianism. N = 197. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001.